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Create object from string
Время создания: 13.07.2018 15:30
Текстовые метки: javascript create object string class
Раздел: Javascript

Is it possible to create a new object using a string? For example, how can I convert the string "product" to var p = new Product?


Thanks in advance.


EDIT


What I want to do is to have a menu with <a href="#home"></a><a href="#products">products</a> and create the corresponding object from the href each time.


javascript

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edited Sep 25 '15 at 3:02


Unheilig

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asked Mar 21 '12 at 11:42


chchrist

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what do you hope to do with it? – Joseph Mar 21 '12 at 11:44

1

What's the rule to convert product to var p = new Product? I can understand new Product, but why p? – Felix Kling Mar 21 '12 at 11:44

@chchrist: That sounds dangerous, especially if the string comes from the user... why do you think that is this a good idea? Have you considered any alternative approaches? – Mark Byers Mar 21 '12 at 11:44

possible duplicate of Instantiate a JavaScript Object Using a String to Define the Class Name – Scott Dudley Sep 23 '15 at 19:44

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3 Answers

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61

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If you know the context, yes. Let's say you're in a browser environment and Person is a global constructor. Because any global variable is a property of the global object, it means you can access to Person through the global object window:


var p = new Person()

Is equivalent to:


var p = new window.Person()

So you can use the square bracket notation:


var p = new window["Person"]();

Of course this is valid for every kind of object. If you don't want pollute the global scope, you can have:


var mynamespace = {};


mynamespace.Person = function Person() {..}


var p = new mynamespace["Person"]();

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answered Mar 21 '12 at 11:54


ZER0

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That's a much nicer solution than mine +1 – Matt Fellows Mar 21 '12 at 11:57

I've tried to create an object using new window["Namespace.MyClass"](), but looks like it's not working. How can we create objects when class contains in modules? – Narendra V Jan 9 '14 at 15:50

@NarendraV try new window["Namespace"]["MyClass"]() ? (This is just a guess, I don't know that this will work) – Matt Fellows Jan 10 '14 at 11:53

@NarendraV, you can use the square bracket notation instead of dot notation, not both: you basically tried to get a property named "Namespace.MyClass" from window where what you were looking was get Namespace from window, and then from Namespace, MyClass. @MattFellows shown the proper way to do so. You can also create a function like: function getReference(string, root) { root = root || this; return string.split(".").reduce(function(ref, item) { return ref[item] }, root) };, and use as var o = new getReference("Namespace.MyClass")(). it's a very simple one, you can make it better. – ZER0 Jan 12 '14 at 10:47

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up vote

6

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Well you could always use the hideously insecure and illadvised eval(). e.g.


var myStr = "Product"

var p = eval("new " + myStr + "()");

or that might be:


var myStr = "Product"

eval("var p = new " + myStr + "()");

But it's fraught with potential vulnerabilities, especially if the string is coming from user input.


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answered Mar 21 '12 at 11:47


Matt Fellows

5,43142454

try searching for "use strict" for eval – Joseph Mar 21 '12 at 11:50

2

This could be much better solved with a name -> constructor function map. – Felix Kling Mar 21 '12 at 11:54

+1 When the input generated by a program, perfect – smirkingman May 2 '13 at 19:41

@FelixKling I wish there was an example of the name->constructor function map – slashdottir May 31 '17 at 17:41

1

@slashdottir: var constructorMap = {Product: Product}; var p = new constructorMap[myStr](); – Felix Kling May 31 '17 at 17:43

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up vote

1

down vote

Just another implementation:


var nameOfThang = 'Person';

var nameOfThingzName = 'The Dude';


var thangs = { Person: {name: 'Legowski'}, Cars: {} };

var person = new (eval(thangs[nameOfThang].constructor))();

person.name = new (eval(thangs.Person.name.constructor))(nameOfThingzName) .toString();


console.log('@thang, #Person', person);

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answered Jan 9 '14 at 23:12


Cody

6,67124232

Так же в этом разделе:
 
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