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Byte Streams
Время создания: 05.09.2017 11:15
Текстовые метки: code
Раздел: Java - Tutorial - Streams
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The package contains nearly every class you might ever need to perform input and output (I/O) in Java. All these streams represent an input source and an output destination. The stream in the package supports many data such as primitives, object, localized characters, etc.


A stream can be defined as a sequence of data. There are two kinds of Streams −

  • InPutStream − The InputStream is used to read data from a source.
  • OutPutStream − The OutputStream is used for writing data to a destination.

Java provides strong but flexible support for I/O related to files and networks but this tutorial covers very basic functionality related to streams and I/O. We will see the most commonly used examples one by one −

Byte Streams

Java byte streams are used to perform input and output of 8-bit bytes. Though there are many classes related to byte streams but the most frequently used classes are, FileInputStream and FileOutputStream. Following is an example which makes use of these two classes to copy an input file into an output file −



public class CopyFile {

public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException {

FileInputStream in = null;

FileOutputStream out = null;

try {

in = new FileInputStream("input.txt");

out = new FileOutputStream("output.txt");

int c;

while ((c = != -1) {



}finally {

if (in != null) {



if (out != null) {






Now let's have a file input.txt with the following content −

This is test for copy file.

As a next step, compile the above program and execute it, which will result in creating output.txt file with the same content as we have in input.txt. So let's put the above code in file and do the following −


$java CopyFile

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